Created on 29-07-2009 at 00:00 AM
Tuesday marked 125 years since the birth of Kurt Landauer, long-serving Bayern President and one of the visionary forces in German football at the time of the Weimar Republic. Maccabi München and the protestant Reconciliation Church held an event in Landauer's honour at Dachau concentration camp memorial site. Bayern chairman Karl-Heinz Rummenigge, board director Karl Hopfner and vice-president Prof. Dr. Fritz Scherer attended the event.
Landauer, born into a Jewish trading family on 28 July 1884 in Planegg, served as Bayern President four times between 1913 and 1951. In 1938, he spent two months in Dachau, but was released and emigrated to Switzerland the following year. He returned after the war and resumed the club presidency in 1947. With Landauer at the helm, FCB beat Eintracht Frankfurt 2-0 in 1932 to claim a maiden German championship.
Believer in youth
Landauer played for Bayern as a youth from 1901, but soon left Munich to train as a banker in Lausanne. Landauer concluded his apprenticeship in Florence, before returning to Munich in 1905. He was elected FCB President for the first time in 1913, but the outbreak of hostilities in World War I forced him to quit the position.
After returning from active service, Landauer served a second spell as FCB President from spring 1919 until March 1933, with a one-year break in 1922. Fuelled by Landauer's ideas and energy, Bayern grew into an internationally renowned club. The President, who favoured investment in the team rather than the construction of a stadium demanded by a section of the membership, rates to this day as one of the founding fathers of the club's widely-admired youth policy.
Attacked by the Nazis
With the rise of National Socialism, Bayern were hit hard by the Nazi policy of 're-amateurising' German football, which had been moving towards professionalism in the preceding period. Bayern were one of the driving forces behind the development, but the Nazis condemned professional football as "a Jewish plot".